of Union Veterans of The Civil
Department of New York
Admiral John L. Worden Camp 150
John L. Worden
in the Sesquicentennial
Rear Admiral John L. Worden, USN
Provided by Robert L. Worden,
Monday April 6, 1861: Lieutenant John Lorimer Worden arrives in Washington, D.C. with orders from Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles, dated April 2, 1861, "to report to the Department for special duty connected with the discipline and efficiency of the Naval Service.” Holds a late-night meeting with Welles about a secret assignment. Prior to this date, Worden had completed a short tour onboard the frigate USS Savannah of the Home Squadron on November 20, 1860, and had gone on home leave to Quaker Hill, Dutchess County, New York.
Tuesday, April 7, 1861: Lieutenant John Lorimer Worden departs by train from Washington, D.C. bound for Florida. He carries Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles’ secret orders for the commander of the U.S. Navy fleet off Pensacola, Florida, to reinforce Fort Pickens by landing troops. The same day, a joint army-naval force was set to depart New York Harbor for Charleston, South Carolina, to relieve Fort Sumter.
Thursday, April 11, 1861: After four days of railroad travel through the South, Lieutenant John Lorimer Worden arrives in Pensacola, Florida. The train he had taken from Atlanta was filled with Confederate soldiers who taunted the U.S. Navy officer (in uniform). Fearing he might be arrested, Worden went into the train's water closet, opened, read, and destroyed the secret orders given to him by Gideon Welles but which he now knows came from President Abraham Lincoln himself. At Pensacola he meets with Confederate General Braxton Bragg and obtains his permission to convey orders to Captain Henry A. Adams, captain of the USS Sabine and commander of U.S. Naval Squadron at Pensacola. In January Adams had agreed with the local secessionists that he would not land the troops onboard the USS Brooklyn to reinforce Fort Pickens if they would not attack the fort. In March Adams had received War Department orders to land the troops but had not done so because of his truce with the Confederates and afraid such action would ignite war. Now it was April and war was imminent.
Friday, April 12, 1861: At 10:00 AM, Lieutenant John Lorimer Worden takes the gunboat USS Wyandotte out to the USS Sabine, the flagship of the Naval Squadron off Pensacola. Arriving at Noon, he conveys the secret orders to Captain Henry A. Adams to land the troops onboard the USS Brooklyn (86 soldiers and 115 marines) to reinforce the garrison at Fort Pickens. The landing took place that night, allowing time for Worden to return to shore and start making his way back to Washington. The secessionists are furious and consider the movement of troops a violation of a previous agreement and an act of treachery. Had not the war already begun that morning at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, this action in Florida instead might have started the Civil War. Regardless, Worden's timely delivery of orders saved Fort Pickens for the Union. Arriving at Pensacola, he took the 9:00 PM train to Montgomery, Alabama.
Saturday, April 13, 1861: At about 4:00 PM, the Pensacola-to-Montgomery train stops at the last station before reaching Montgomery and four Confederate officers come onboard. Entering Lieutenant John Lorimer Worden's car they arrest him as a spy, even thought he is still in his Navy uniform. Arriving at Montgomery, the depot is surrounded "by a large gathering of excited people" (the local papers had reported his impending arrest) but his captors rush him through the crowd and get him safely into a carriage which takes him to the adjutant general's office. Worden becomes the first POW of the Civil War.
Monday, April 15, 1861: After a weekend in detention, Lieutenant John Lorimer Worden is moved to the Montgomery City Jail. The same day (April 15), first he sent a telegram to his wife, Olivia: "arrived here on the thirteenth am detailed well & comfortable hope to see you in a few days. " Then he wrote a longer, more realistic letter: "I am under arrest here as a prisoner of war. I cannot tell you how long I shall be detained, but hope and trust it will not be long. In the meantime, I pray you to keep up good spirits & a cheerful heart. I cannot write fully. Kiss the little ones for me & believe me as ever, your affectionate husband." Worden will remain imprisoned in Montgomery until November 13, 1861.
Tuesday, May 7, 1861: Secretary of the Navy Welles, writes again to Olivia Worden in Quaker Hill, acknowledging receipt of her letter of May 2. He reports that the department has received a letter from Lieutenant John L. Worden reporting that he has been imprisoned and is “well treated by those who have him in custody.” Welles says that Worden’s “conduct has always been that of an officer of high standing and I sincerely regret that at present there appears no way of releasing him from his unjust detention. Rest assured the first opportunity of relieving him will be embraced.” In conclusion he said that the Department had no way of determining how long Worden would be in detention “but is not apprehensive that personal violence will befall him.”
Wednesday, May 8,
1861: Old shipmate and family friend
Lieutenant Henry A. Wise, USN, soon-to-be chief of
the Navy’s Bureau of Ordnance in Washington, D.C.,
writes to Olivia (Mrs. John L.) Worden in Quaker
Hill, New York, saying he had received her “sad
note” of May 4 and had immediately gone to Commodore
Hiram Paulding (a Navy Department official who had
been tasked in mid-April 1861 with destroying the
strategic Gosport Navy Yard at Portsmouth, Virginia,
in which lay the USS Merrimack) and Secretary of
Navy Gideon Welles. Both men assured Wise the matter
was under control and let him believe that Worden
“will shortly be released.” Meanwhile, some
politicians have called for arrests of Southern
officers in retaliation for Worden's imprisonment,
but Welles said such action would “not be
judicious.” In a line to Olivia meant to be
encouraging, Wise says “and when he does get out he
will be a commander with his pocket full of money,
for he must be economical where he is, and then you
can both go on a spree.” He went on to say: “I
really can't help laugh, the idea that Jack braking
[sic] through this sort of thing but I done say he
lets down a little basket occasionally for coppers
and so gets jolly as possible under the
circumstances.” In the middle of this sentence he
drew a little picture of a forlorn Worden looking
through a barred window.
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