MILITARY ORDER OF THE LOYAL LEGION OF THE UNITED STATES

Loyal Legion Vignettes


COLONEL AUSTIN AUGUSTUS KING JR., 13TH MISSOURI CAVALRY UNITED STATES VOLUNTEERS
(1841 Missouri - 1886 Missouri)

By
Douglas Niermeyer, Past Commander-in-Chief
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States
momollus@sbcglobal.net
(July 2006)


Austin Augustus King Jr. was born December 5, 1841 in Ray County, Missouri, the son of Austin Augustus King, Sr. and Nancy Harris Roberts. He came from a very prestigious family with a long line of military and political service. This included his father, Austin Augustus King, Sr., a Lawyer and Judge, who also was a Colonel of the Missouri Militia during the Black Hawk War, a Missouri State Representative from 1834 to 1838, a judge presided at the trial of Mormon leaders in Missouri in 1838, and served as Governor of Missouri from 1848 to 1853, and US Representative from Missouri from 1863-1865. A slaveholder and a Democrat, he voted for the amendment to abolish slavery which cost him much in his political career. The town of Kinston in Caldwell County, Missouri is named in his honor. Austin Sr. died April 22, 1870 in St. Louis and is buried in Richmond, Missouri.


Austin Augustus King, Sr.
Governor of Missouri 1848-1853
(Source: C.S. Shoemaker, 1943)

Austin Sr.'s grandfather was John Seiver. John Seiver served as a Colonel of Virginia Militia under Washington in Lord Dunmore's War 1773 - 1774, a Colonel of North Carolina Militia during the Revolutionary War, Governor of the State of Franklin 1785-1788, Brigadier General of North Carolina Militia in the 1790s, as a North Carolina State Senator and ratified the Constitution, was a US Representative from North Carolina 1789-1791, first Governor of the State of Tennessee 1796-1809, a North Carolina State Senator 1809-1811, and a US Representative from North Carolina 1811-1815 until his death in 1815.

Austin Jr. was raised in Ray, Caldwell, and Cole Counties, Missouri and on January 12, 1862 in Richmond, Missouri enlisted as a Private in Company B, 3rd Regiment Cavalry, Missouri State Militia (Old). The regiment performed guard line of the North Missouri Railroad and operations in Northeast Missouri against Porter till February 1863, fought at Prairie Jackson, Missouri on April 9, 1862, near Fayetteville, Arkansas, July 15. Moore's Mills, near Fulton, July 24, Greenville July 26, Dallas August 24, Newtonia September 13, Monroe County September 16 and October 4, operations against Marmaduke in Missouri December 31, 1862 to January 25, 1863, and returned to Springfield January 8, 1863. The regiment disbanded February 4, 1863.

There was some crossover between Missouri State Militia units service as Austin also is found enlisting on January 12, 1862 as a Private in Company K, 6th Regiment Cavalry, Missouri State Militia. On March 7, 1862 in Richmond, Missouri, he was promoted to Captain of Company D, 3rd Regiment Cavalry, Missouri State Militia (Old), which he served as until December 31, 1862 and which was the last muster of this regiment. He also is found serving as Captain of Company D, 3rd Regiment Cavalry, Missouri State Militia from March 18, 1862 to March 4, 1863, in which his older brother, Walter King, was it's Colonel. Austin renlisted March 8, 1863 as Major of the 6th Regiment Cavalry, Missouri State Militia and served from March 11, 1863 until he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the 13th Missouri Cavalry. He served as Lieutenant Colonel of the 13th Regiment Misouri Cavalry Volunteers from September 19, 1864. His service in the 6th Regiment Cavalry, Missouri State Militia included the pursuit of Coffee, Garden Hollow, near Pineville, August 9, duty at Fort Gibson C. N. and Honey Springs, joining General Blount's Campaign in Indian Nation and Arkansas August and September, Perryville August 26, Scullyville, Arkansas August 30 - 31, Devil's Back Bone September 1, capture of Fort Smith September 1, Horse Creek September 17, march to Springfield, Missouri arriving September 18, operations against Shelby and pursuit to Arkansas River September 22-October 26, Carthage October 2, Neosho October 4, Humansville October 16-17, Bloomfield October 22, Harrisonville October 24, Buffalo Mountain October 24, expedition from Springfield to Huntsville and skirmish November 8-18, expedition from Springfield to Howell, Wright and Oregon Counties November 28-December 13, duty at Springfield and in the District of Southwest Missouri until July, 1865, scouting from Huston December 9 - 19, operations in Northeastern Arkansas January 1 - 30, 1864, Sylamore Creek, Arkansas January 23, Sylamore January 24, scouting from Springfield into ! Northern Arkansas February 23- March 9 (Detachment), near Buffalo City, Arkansas March 1, Bennett's Bayou March 2 (Detachment), scout from Yellville to Buffalo River March 13-26 (Detachment), Richland Creek April 13-14 (Detachment), expedition from Patterson to Bloomfield and Pilot Knob May 16-25 (Detachment), near White Hare June 15 (Company E), operations in Randolph County July 23-24, operations in Ray and Carroll Counties August 12-16 and near Roanoke September 10.

He also participated in operations against Price from September to November 1863. On September 24, Bloody Bill Anderson’s Rangers led a charge on Fayette, Missouri, where a command under Union Major Austin King was stationed. The Federals had built blockhouses north of town and the partisans charged these strong defensive positions three times in an effort to overtake them. It turned out to be a turkey shoot for the Federals. The Rangers, armed only with pistols, never had a chance as they advanced on horseback over open ground to take the blockhouses. The well protected Union soldiers caused a number of Ranger casualties. Seeing his blunder, Anderson reluctantly retreated north towards Glasgow. Thirteen of Anderson’s men were killed and over 30 wounded. The Union casualties were one killed and two wounded. After the battle, Ranger Hamp Watts said that five Ranger bodies were dragged out onto the streets of Fayette where Union soldiers ran rough-shod horses back and forth over their bodies until they were mutilated. The bodies were later dumped in a common grave in a cemetery south of town.

The 13th Regiment Missouri Cavalry Volunteers continued against Price with actions at Glasgow, Missouri, October 15., Little Blue October 21, Lexington October 21, Independence October 22, Mine Creek, Little Osage River, Marias des Cygnes, October 25, Carthage October 26, duty at Rolla until May 1865, operations about Stephenson's Mill March 22-23, 1865 (Detachment), scouting from Waynesville March 29 - April 2 (Detachment), scouting from Rolla April 21 - 27 (Company M), Skirmish, Spring Valley, April 23 (Company M), Skirmish near Waynesvilie May 23 (Detachment), The regiment then moved to Fort Larned, Kansas and was on duty in District of the Plains, operating against Indians, until July 1866. Austin Jr. was promoted to Colonel on July 10, 1865, and served until mustering out on January 11, 1866. The 13th Regiment Missouri Cavalry Volunteers regiment mustered out July 3, 1866.

The following is a detailed report of the regiment's service by Major John E. Mayo from the Missouri Adjutant General Report for Missouri, year ending 1865:

After the war, Austin returned to Jefferson City, Missouri where he practiced law and married Dorothea Elizabeth Lisle (born January 6, 1840 in Jefferson City, Missouri, died February 18, 1914 in St. Louis, Missouri). They had four children: Margaretta King (1868 - 1917), married Joseph Warren Pilcher; Ellen King (1870 - 1924); Austin Augustus King III (1872 - 1902), married Anna Hannagan; and Jennie Lisle King (1878-1878). In 1880, the family was listed with residences in Kansas City, Missouri and Wyandotte, Kansas as a lawyer and trader. Austin died in May 30, 1886.

*********************************

Descendants of Colonel Austin Augustus King Jr., and descendants of his siblings, are eligible for hereditary membership in the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS - founded by Civil War officers on April 15, 1865) and the Dames of the Loyal Legion of the United States (founded in 1899 as the auxiliary to the MOLLUS). For more information on either or both organizations, please visit each organization's national website:


Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States


Dames of the Loyal Legion of the United States

*********************************

Visit the Homepage of the
Missouri Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States

____________________________________

Sources:
1) Membership Records of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.
2) 1866. Muster Recorder from Secretary of State of Missouri; Annual Report of the Adjutant General of Missouri for the Year Ending 1865, pp 383-387, 458-460, and 487-491.
3) Muster Recorder from Secretary of State of Missouri.
4) 1908. Dyer, F.H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Vol III, pp 1304-05, 1307, and 1311.
5) 1943. Shoemaker, F.C. Missouri and Missourians, Volume I, pp 659-662.
6) Congressional Biography of Austin Augustus King (1802 - 1870)
7) Centralia Massacre and Battle Reenactment of September 27, 1864 (http://centralia.missouri.org/massacre/index.html)

Copyright © 2006 Douglas Niermeyer, Missouri Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States

Return to Loyal Legion Vignettes Page

Return to MOLLUS Home Page

Return to MOLLUS Web Site Index Page


KGH