Grand Army of the Republic
Captain Argus D. Vanosdol
Department of Indiana Commander 1888


Biographical Sketch of Captain Argus D. Vanosdol

Source: Biographical and Historical Souvenir for the Counties of Clark,
Crawford, Harrison, Floyd, Jefferson, Jennings, Scott and Washington, Indiana. 
By John M. Gresham & Co., Chicago Printing Co., 1889, Part II.  pp 298-299.


Capt. Argus D. Vanosdol is a native of Jefferson county, Ind. He was born September 18, 1839. He is a son of Thomas J. Vanosdol and Charlotte (Eastwood) Vanosdol. 

Thomas J. Vanosdol was born in Mercer county, Ky., in 1813, and came to Vevay, Switzerland county, Ind., in the year 1818. In 1833 he located in Madison. Was a cutter and dealer in stone, and a builder. He spent the last thirty years of his life on a farm, in Switzerland county, Ind. He died April 11, 1886. Charlotte Eastwood Vanosdol was born in Ohio.

The great-grandfather (Stewart) of Capt. Vanosdol was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and was a native of Massachusetts Colony, but entered the army from the State of New York. 

Capt. Vanosdol's paternal grandfather, Jacob Vanosdol, was one of the Kentucky Rangers during the war of 1811-12; was at the battle of Tippecanoe with Gen. W. H. Harrison, and was engaged in other battles in that war. 

His maternal grandfather, Eastwood, was a German by birth, and was also a soldier in the War of 1812.

July 4, 1861, Captain A. D. Vanosdol enlisted in Co. A, Third Regiment Indiana Cavalry, as a private soldier. He was made Sergeant-Major, and afterward promoted to the captaincy of Co. I, same regiment, in February, 1862. He continued in this position until the summer of 1863, when he was discharged on account of injuries received in the battles of 1862 and at Stone River. 

After his health was restored, early in 1865, he enlisted as a private in Co. B, 156th Regiment Indiana Vols., and was immediately promoted to the first lieutenancy of his company, and served the most of the time on detached duty, until his discharge in August, 1865. 

Capt. Vanosdol was educated in the common schools and at the State University; and from the law department of that institution he graduated, with honor, in 1870. 

In May, 1871, he located in Madison in the practice of law. He is a hard student, possesses a fine memory, and stands high at the bar as a lawyer. In 1886, while in California attending the National Encampment of the G. A. R., he was tendered the nomination for Congress in his district by his party, but declined. 

Capt. Vanosdol was Inspector-General of G.A.R. in 1886, upon the staff of Gen. S. Burdette, Commander-in-Cheif of G. A. R., and is at present Department Commander of Department of Indiana G.A.R. He is also colonel of the Fourth Regiment of Indiana Brigade Uniform Rank of K. of P. In politics he is a Republican. 

His wife was a Miss Mary C. Henry, to whom he was married in August, 1862.

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Submitted by Tim Beckman


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